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Adenauer Tenure

Konrad Adenauer was born in Cologne on 5 January 1876, the son of a lawyer. He studied at the universities of Freiburg, Munich and Bonn before himself becoming a lawyer. He became a member of Cologne City Council, and in 1917 lord mayor of the city. He was elected to the Provincial Diet and, in 1920, became president of the Prussian State Council, making him one of the most influential politicians in Germany.

Adenauer was replaced as mayor of Cologne after the Nazis came to power, and was briefly imprisoned in 1934. He was arrested by the Gestapo in September 1944 and accused of involvement in the failed July bomb plot against Hitler.

The United States, which liberated Cologne, appointed Adenauer mayor again, but he was dismissed soon afterwards by the British military government. Adenauer set about forming a new political party, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). In 1948, he was made president of the parliamentary council which drew up a constitution for the three western zones of G…

What's Left Of Aden

Britain captured the town of Aden in the south of the Arabian Peninsula. Like the later seizure of Cyprus and of Egypt, the occupation of Aden was a strategic rather than commercial undertaking, guarding the lines of communication with India. With British Somaliland on the ‘horn of Africa’, Aden provided control of the entrance to the Red Sea. In order to stabilise the region, which had been dogged by years of unrest fuelled by Arab nationalism and anti-colonialism. Having replaced Cyprus as the base of Middle East Land Forces, Aden was of even greater strategic importance to Britain, maintaining with Far East Land Forces in Singapore its global presence. British government announced that a permanent British garrison would be maintained in Aden. Yet they were forced to withdraw from the colony.
Throughout the years, the new Federation faced grave threats. Internally the rival sought to expel Britain from what they called South Yemen. Externally the republican government of Yemen, whic…

A Failure Ademption

A specific gift will fail by ademption if the subject matter of the gift does not form part of the testator’s estate at death. General gifts cannot fail for ademption as the executors should raise such funds to make the gift if the subject matter is not part of the estate. Similarly, demonstrative gifts cannot fail by ademption. If the specified fund does not exist or if there are not enough assets in the fund to make such a gift, the remaining will be treated as a general gift. A general rule of ademption is that if the subject matter of a gift changes name or form, it does not cause the gift to adeem, however if the substance changes it does. Gifts of shares are useful to illustrate this rule. If the Will includes a gift of a shares in a particular company but between attestation and the testator’s death the company changes its name or reconstructs how its shares are organised these changes will not cause the gift to adeem, as the shares held at death are identical in all but name a…

Adelgid Poison

The Hemlock wooly adelgid (Adelges tsugae) is a destructive little creature, causing devastation to evergreen forests from Canada, through the northeastern United States and southward into north Georgia. Within four years. Some tree species can survive longer although in a weakened state, making them susceptible to other pests and diseases.

Controlling this pest on a large scale, as in its natural habitat, is proving difficult but not impossible. A number of options are being explored which are not yet available to the homeowner. Still there are opportunities for those of us who enjoy hemlocks in our own gardens to protect the ones we have. Frequent visual monitoring of the undersides of the needles for small cottony masses is the best way to ensure catching this pest in the early stages of inhabitance. These will be visible on the twigs near the base of the needles. This “wool” is present during all stages of the adelgid’s development but is more noticeable in the spring.

Providing the…

Law Adeem Him From Going Home

Nadeem was vacationing in London when arrest warrants were issued against him and his passport was revoked. Nadeem was acquitted of all charges by a Mumbai sessions court. "The charges that were put on me were wrong and I also won the case. I really want to return to India as it is in my heart. But they should call me back with respect, I am a pure Indian and I love India," Nadeem told.

The music composer, who made his Bollywood comeback with 'Ishq Forever', was speaking at the press conference of his upcoming movie 'Ek Haseena Thi Ek Deewana Tha'. Directed and produced by Suneel Darshan, the movie features Shiv Darshan, Upen Patel and debutante Natasha Fernandez in lead roles. Nadeem said he tried to mix Indian and western tunes to create the music for the film which releases this Friday.

"We wanted to keep our Hindustani culture alive so we have blended Indian with western and build up the composition. I think the only need is a good launch, moreover, th…

Addictive Killer Sunbeds

Forget crack cocaine or heroin, the latest deadly addiction danger might be able to be found down at the local sports centre or tanning salon, according to today's papers. Researchers claim that sunbeds, blamed for hundreds of cancer cases a year, are as addictive as drugs. Some may even need to be referred to counselling to help them kick the habit, suggests the study.

Meanwhile the newspaper provides more fuel for the campaign to crack down on the availability of cheap alcohol with a story that many Saturday night drinkers go out intent on consuming the equivalent of 20 pints. Researchers, analysing the habits of 214 drinkers on Saturday nights in Liverpool, Manchester and Chester found 10% of men consume twice their weekly alcohol limit in just one drinking session, while women would exceed their recommended weekly intake by almost three times.

The newspaper includes a sobering tirade against Summary Care Records by esteemed columnist Stephenz James, who claims the rollout is a r…

Before Addington's Prime

Cheney's former chief counsel was the power behind the throne in the George W. Bush White House and the legal architect of the war on terror. But he’ll tell you not to believe the hype. Congressional hearings often are predictable and orchestrated. Many lawmakers are scripted and aren’t deft at asking questions or following up with inquiries that shed light. Witnesses are tutored to avoid making waves, to be deferential, and to put the best face on whatever they’re asked about. So it was noteworthy when, on a summer day near the end of the George W. Bush administration, David Addington, then chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney, ditched the usual modus operandi when he testified before the House Judiciary Subcommittee on the Constitution. He was combative, sarcastic, and condescending.

Initially, the Vice President’s counsel had resisted making Addington available, but the lawyer agreed to come in response to a subpoena. Fiercely loyal to the Vice President, for whom he had…